Indira gandhi and Sikhs :
“There are three types of persons in this world: those, who confess their own faults and mention the excellence of others, are the highest type; those, who highlight their own excellence and decry the faults of others, are worse; those, who parade their own faults as excellence and deride the excellence in others as faults, are the worst. The last type is nowadays most rampant.” Indira Gandhi was one of this last type.
In fact Indira had animosity with Sikhs in general as they were the only community who opposed the emergency in 1975 when all his opponents were terrorized by her. Sikhs protested in large numbers and filled jails in Punjab. Before this Indira Gandhi was debarred by a historical verdict by Chief Justice Jagmohan Lal Sinha of Allahabad high Court in 1975 and banned her to contest any election for the next six years but this cunning lady instead of following the Court orders declared emergency in India and became a dictator. All the important senior leaders of opposition were arrested and sent behind bars. Press was censored. The propagandist department of Congress govt.—the Home Ministry gave a slogan ….INDIA IS INDIRA AND INDIRA IS INDIA but the great India is still there but where is this Indira?
Indira was called Durga by Atal Bihari Vajpayi for this historical victory in war against Pakistan in 1971 but whether we Indians were not duped as we released the 97000 soldiers of Pakistan but our Indian PoWs in Pakistan languishes in jails since 1965/71? Who is responsible for this national shame?Are the Chiefs (all of them irrespective of the color of Uniform), bureaucrats, politicians and Indira herself not responsible for this? What were our Chief(s) and Adjt Generals doing when 97000 Pakistanis were released from Indian camps in 1973-74 and we never bothered to get back our 54? Why NO efforts were made by them to get our boys back? What prevented them to pressurize Govt. of the DAY to seek release of these 54? Why did Indira not persuaded for the release of our men in uniform from Pakistani jails? I wonder how could Indira and then successive govts of India dropped this issue of first importance to nation of safe release of all Indian POWs in Pakistani Jails? This shameful incident is the result of sheer negligence to our men in uniform who fought for the nation but abandoned by our govt. to be rotten in jails of enemy land.
Due to her bias thoughts against Sikh religion, she made all attempts to eliminate Sikhs in her life. Ultimately she paid the price by her life on invading Darbar sahib at Amritsar but she was proved a vampire even after her death when more then 20,000 innocent Sikhs were also massacred in 1984. She embraced Islam at her marriage with Feroz and her new name was Maimuna Begum. She also paid a visit to give her tributes at the grave of Mogul emperor Babul in Afghanistan. It was revealed by K. Natwar Singh. She went before Babur’s grave, stood there for a few minutes with head bent down in reverence. Natwar Singh stood behind her. When Indira had finished her prayers, she turned back and told Singh “Today we have had our brush with history.” Worth to mention that Babur was the founder of Mogul rule in India, from which the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty have descended.
Ashwin kumar, the former President of Indian hockey Federation and who was a DIG in Border Security Force revealed in April 2006 in a seminar organized to honor 10 Sikh Hockey Olympians which is the evidence to prove that Indira had enmity with Sikhs.
WHEN INDIRA GANDHI ASKED: ˜WHY SIKH PLAYERS ONLY?”
“In 1974 when I was an Inspector-General in the Border Security Force I received a call from the Prime Minister’s Office that Mrs Indira Gandhi wanted to see me urgently that evening.
“I was on an inspection visit to some border posts in Kashmir near Gulmarg. I was stunned at this SOS from the PMO. A chopper flew me from Gulmarg to Srinagar from where I took a regular flight of the Indian Airlines to New Delhi. “I could not guess the reason for the summons. There was not much happening in either the Border Security Force or Jammu and Kashmir. Anyway, I reached Delhi and went to call on the Prime Minister at the appointed time.
“After a formal exchange of greetings, I mustered some courage to ask the Prime Minister: ’Madam, you asked for me. Is there anything specific?’ “No, nothing much. The only reason I have called you here is to tell you that the Education Minister recently pointed out to me that you have been recruiting too many Sikh hockey players,’ said Mrs Gandhi.
“I kept quiet though I was very upset. I returned to the guest house and signed my letter of resignation from the post of president of the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) and sent it immediately to the then President of the Indian Olympic Association, Raja Bhalinder Singh. All my friends in sports in general and hockey in particular advised me against this step. But I was determined. I had so much faith and trust in my hockey players, most of whom were Sikhs. I could not have left them down.
“The contribution of Sikhs to Indian hockey has always been immense and I salute them.”
Veer Sanghvi – who is an editor of India’s leading news paper ‘The Hindustan Times’ once he interviewed Sonia Gandhi the daughter in law of Mrs. Indira. This video is available on youtube also. In thisi interview Sonia Gandhi herself admits that Indira used to give tips to her son Rajiv Gandhi to what to do in case of her sudden death as she was feared of her assassination by Sikhs who could avenge the attack on Golden temple with her life so she used to give lessons to her son to how to avenge Sikhs after her sudden demise. The highly decorated posts were already being adorned by her trustworthy appointed faithful bureaucrats and other senior posts in Police, Army and security forces. These trustworthy officers could give their services to fulfill the ambitions of Rajiv Gandhi and help him to achieve his goal. Their loyalty was with Indira and her family not with nation.
Akali Dal is the only largest political and religious party of Sikhs in India which has the responsibility to safe guard interests of the Sikhs worldwide. Due to changing political scenario in Punjab and by discrimination with Sikhs and then due to interference of Central govt. of Delhi into state matters, it tabled a draft of Anandpur Sahib resolution while the core of the basic resolutions passed by its working committee at Anandpur Sahib in 1973 (October 16-17, 1973) namely attainment of special Constitutional state for the Sikhs to ensure their growth in accordance with their own socio-spiritual traditions and tenets was fully endorsed by the General House of the Shiromani Akali Dal, the scope of the greater autonomy to the state of Punjab for the aforesaid purpose was widened to include all the states.
It was endorsed in the form of a succession of resolutions at the 18th All India Akali Conference of the Shiromani Akali Dal at Ludhiana on 28-29 October, 1978.
Thus, the shape and scope of the Anandpur Sahib resolution as tit finally emerged out of the Ludhiana meet of the Shiromani Akali Dal envisaged;
The attainment of pre-eminence of the Khalsa through special constitutional safeguards and powers for the Sikhs.
2. Greater autonomy to all the states by recasting the Centre-State relations on the basis of limited powers for the Centre.
Resolutions adopted, in the light of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution, at open session of the 18th All India Akali Conference held at Ludhiana on October 28-29, 1978, under Jathedar Jagdev Singh Talwandi as President.
It was not accepted by govt. of India. If it had been accepted the interference of center in State matters would have stopped with immediate effect. Earlier the govts of many states were fallen by the misuse of article 356 by center and president rule was imposed. All this was intentionally done for re-election in states and then pave way for Congress to return in power.
This resolution was refused by Indira govt.
Now some efforts were made to normalize the relations of the state with center by Akalis. Whenever a meeting was held, the Akali Dal always gave its consent to all the proposals but the Indira govt. always ignored those proposals in later stage and blamed the Akalis for breakaway of commitments. And then Sikhs and Akali Dal were defamed by govt. controlled All India Radio and the TV Doordarshan. In the end Sikhs were sure of betrayals by Indira and her cabinet so they concluded that Indira was not having any interest to sort out the Punjab problem but in fact her govt. was blood thirsty of Sikhs.
Due to her this mean thoughts, she tried to justify the attack of army on Golden Temple and that she wanted to wipe out the Sikh militants (extremists) from this sacred place and thus army action was necessary. Whether the govt. would like to answer if the army attack on Golden temple was to wipe out extremists from this sacred place then why did it attack on more then 40 other important historical Gurudwaras all over the Punjab at the same time, this was given the code name ‘Operation Wood rose’? Why the Amritdhari Sikhs (The persons of Sikh religion wearing all the five mandatory signs of a Sikh) of all ages, males and females were killed in every corner of Punjab?
The attack was to take place regardless Sardar Gurdev Singh, District Magistrate at Amritsar until shortly before the invasion, is on record (letter addressed to I.K. Gujral, dated 26 January 1996, published in Abstract of Sikh Studies, Chandigarh, October-December 1996, pp. 106-111) as having assured the Governor of the state That he could arrest anyone in Darbar Sahib at any time. When Sardar Gurdev Singh told Governor Pandey that if the object was to arrest Bhindranwale, there was no need for the Army to act and that he could do it; the Governor is said to have replied: “That is not the point”. In any case, at the time of the attack, there was no court case or summons against Sant Bhindranwale. Is it reasonable for a government to send in the Army to devastate a religious place because it is allegedly controlled by a person against whom it has no legal charges?
Is it criminal to be popular? Should a person and all his associates be condemned to death for this crime? We need to ponder over it.
To make the attack acceptable to the general public in India, the Sant had to be shown up as a Frankenstein. When governments have to kill popular persons they have to first criminalize them in the eyes of the public. Even in the case of Siri Guru Tegh Bahadur Saihb, the government at that time described him as a dacoit engaged in plunder to justify his beheading. In the case of Sant Bhindranwale, this was systematically done with cooperation from the Akalis. The massacre of Sikhs that followed was to teach a lesson to this troublesome minority. According to Joyce Pettigrew: “The army went into Darbar Sahib not to eliminate a political figure or a political movement but to suppress the culture of people, to attack their heart, to strike a blow at their spirit and self-confidence.”
THE ATTACK WAS NOT A “LAST RESORT”
The attack on the Golden Temple was in plans even before the armed Sikh militants fortified it.
S K Sinha was the General Officer Commanding Western Command, a prestigious appointment in the early eighties, and was transferred to Delhi as the Vice Chief of Army Staff, with the expectation that he would succeed General K. V. Krishna Rao as the Army Chief.
He was supposed to familiarize himself with the office of the Army Chief. It was a surprise when he was superseded and Lt.-Gen. A. S. Vaidya, the GOC-in-C Eastern Command was appointed as the Chief of Army Staff. General S. K. Sinha submitted his resignation and elected to lead a retired life.
Then GOC of the Indian Army, S.K. Sinha, who was sacked on the eve of the attack for being critical of it, had criticized the Government’s projection of the attack as “Last resort”; and stated that the attack was in plans 1 year and 6 months prior to the actual day of attack. S. K. Sinha and Mark Tully report that the army had been rehearsing the attack for this time in the replica of Golden Temple they had built at a secret location near Chakrata Cantonment in the Doon Valley.
He disclosed in his book, that the preparations to attack on this holiest shrine were being made for the last 18 months. A model of this shrine was temporarily built at Chakrata, a hill station 90 kms. far from Dehra Dun where the army was rehearsing to attack and a complete information was given of the inside of this complex of Golden temple to soldiers, made them familiar with topography of the complex when it attacks. In other meanings, the strategy to attack on holiest shrine was planned much before the Sant Jarnail Singh ji Bhindranwala shifted to Sri Akal Takhat and made his Head Quarter. The Govt itself created such circumstances through false propaganda and provocations in Punjab to justify the army attack and to teach a lesson to Sikh nation whereas the need was to learn a lesson by Indira herself and the Indian govt.
Indira Gandhi had first asked Lt. Gen. S.K. Sinha, then Vice-Chief of Indian Army who was then slated to succeed as the Army chief, to prepare a position paper for assault on the Golden Temple. Lt. Gen. S K Sinha advised against any such move, given the sacrilegious outlook from Sikhs and non-Sikhs around the world – the shrine is unique in the world that it is not only open to people of all faiths, but revered by all as well.
He suggested the government to adopt an alternative solution. A controversial decision was made to replace him immediately with Gen. Arun Vaidya as the Chief of the Indian Army. Gen. Vaidya was assisted by Lt. Gen. K. Sunderjee as Vice-Chief. Operation Blue Star was eventually planned and controlled by them.
The Generals of Indian army had assured the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi that they will get control of Akal Takhat sahib within just half an hour only and shall arrest Sant Jarnail Singh ji Bhindranwala dead or alive. Indira Gandhi had given such orders to General Vaidya, the Commanding officer in chief of Indian army as;
“I don’t give a damn if the Golden Temple and whole of Amritsar are destroyed, I want Bhindranwale dead.” (Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister, communicating with Gen. Vaidya during “Operation Blue Star”)
Indira gandhi ordered attack on the sanctum sactorium of Sikh religion—The Darbar sahib (Golden temple) on the martyrdom day of fifth Guru—Sri Arjan Dev ji of Sikh religion, thus she proved her enmity. Due to this attack both sides had to suffer heavy casuality. This attack was given the code name as “Operation Blue star”. Lieutinent General Kuldip Singh Brar (Major General then) who himself was born in a Sikh family but had discarded his parents religion commanded it. He disclosed the number of wounded and died in his book, “ Saaka Neela Taara” in Punjabi language. He disclosed the dead soldiers 15307 and wounded 17897, 43 officers were also killed whereas the number of civilians killed by army was also in thousands but the Sikh youths who stopped the advance of Indian army for 72 hrs were only numbering in 200-250 only. They retaliated consequently for 72 hrs. They had not got any army training, If the youngest among was only 10 years old, the oldest was above 70 years of age. They were given training by a retired Sikh Major General Shubeg Singh who was senior to KS Brar Shubeg singh ji trained Mukti wahini of Bangla Desh (East Pakistan) in 1971 war and he was master in gurilla war tactics.
There is no doubt that Indian army suffered a heavy loss due to indira Gandhi’s decision to attack on Golden temple. I remember the Military hospital all over northern India were full with wounded soldiers. General K Sunder ji also confirmed the number of high casualities. In a press conference soon after the Operation blue Star on June 6 at Chandigarh, he admitted in a very sad tone that his 20% army is killed in this operation. And that the army had not got such loss in all its previous battles fought with Pakistan. He also paid his homage by his words of appraisal in honor to these Sikh warriors as… “If any army has such brave warriors, it won’t lose any battle.”
General Brar ——- when asked by reporters if large number of Sikhs surrendered –HE SHOT Back that -“They fought very strongly-nobody surrendered”.
But it seems that Indira had realized her fault and she had come to know that her end was not far. But she never learnt a lesson from her historical mistake instead she kept on giving the details to avenge with Sikhs in case if she gets assassinated untimely — she kept on guiding and kept the preparations on to avenge with Sikhs in secret meetings with her trusted bureaucrats and high officials in army and Police. It’s evident from the voter lists distributed to congress workers the next day of her assassination on 1st November 1984. These voter lists had the details of business houses, homes, factories of Sikhs and were marked. There were no computers and not high speed Photostat machines at that time so these voter lists were prepared after a hard work of months.
All these preparations were made secretly and the help of their trustworthy people was only taken otherwise thousands of Sikhs and Punjabi people are employed in Delhi administration and it could be difficult to keep this secret. It seems this work was secretly done under supervision of Ministry of Home Affairs. These voter lists were seen in the hands of hired goons and killing squads of Congress on 1st November 1984. Therefore it’s not difficult to assume their preparations.
According to Dr. Sangat Singh, the assassination of Indira Gandhi on 31st October 1984 pre-empted Indira’s Operation Shanti all over India by a week
By implementation this plan Indira could keep herself safe from Sikhs and defame them as anti national and clean her image in majority Hindus. Thus she could assure whole India that only she is a patriot and think of prosperity of nation but the Sikhs are traitors and then a large scale holocaust of Sikhs could be organized or the Sikhs would have been cornered by a social boycott appeal. So this Operation Shanti was prepared which included a war against Pakistan. This plan was to be organized on birth day of founder of Sikh religion Guru Nanak Dev ji which was falling on 8th Nov. in 1984. This plan was a top secret and had been shared with Chief of Army staff General AS Vaidya and some loyal administrative officers other than her loyal cabinet ministers. Though a high level secrecy was maintained to keep it top secret but it was leaked to some high ups in administration and they informed to their close friends to save their families.
Indira drew a diabolical plan, named ‘Operation Shanti’, to carry out a general massacre of the Sikhs, of genocidal proportions, around November 8, when the Sikhs would assemble in various Gurdwaras for Guru Nanak’s birthday celebrations.
In October 1984, there was a massive deployment of army at the border and war with Pakistan looked imminent. There was a rumor that the Center had conceived a genocidal intention towards the Sikhs —– the plan was like this: large scale clashes would be raised all along the Punjab border with Pakistan; it would be publicized that the Sikhs had revolted and joined hands with the Pak forces, and then they would be slaughtered and bombed by the Indian army and subjected to loot and massacre all over India.
The Sikhs all over Punjab, especially in Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Ferozepur, Kapurthala and Jalandhar districts were to be subjected to massive aerial bombardment, apart from being slaughtered by army and para military forces. The Sikhs all over India were to be subjected to mass scale massacre, loot, arson and incendiarism by lumpen elements organized by Youth Congress(I) activists. Elaborate preparations were made by Youth Congress (I) network all over India; they were to await a coded signal to start mayhem.
The plan was discussed with certain army generals who advised Indira against it. They pointed out that Nazis had used gas chambers to finish off the Jews, but had not been able to do so. And, her plan to finish off the Sikhs in one go would only club her name with that of Hitler. But she was unrelenting.
Significantly, Zia ul Haq stated at Indira’s funeral that it was with great difficulty that he had been able to avert a war with India.
His then No. 2, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, after demitting the office of President of Pakistan in July 1993, stated that Indira had planned to attack Pakistan but was shot dead some ten days before the D-Day.
Whereas Indira Gandhi had discussed a plan to air attack on border districts of Punjab to kill Sikhs and than to attack on Pakistan. (code name — Operation Shanti, which is already discussed). It was leaked to Beant Singh who with the help of Satwant Singh assassinated Indira Gandhi to save his community from defamation and the nation from another war with Pakistan. Thanks to both of them.
How indira was assassinated?
Radio BBC announced a news on 31st October 1984 that Indira was no more, she had been assassinated by her two Sikh body guards and a clean shaved person to-day in the morning in a shoot out at her residence.
It was easy to know that there were two Sikhs in her assassinators but the Indian security agencies are silent till date about the identity of this third clean shaved person?
The Indian embassies all over the world were informed by a telex message at 11.00 am that two Sikhs and a clean shaved person was involved in assassination of Indira Gandhi. The identity of these two Sikh persons was disclosed but who was that third person? Why any official information of his identity is never revealed? This question was raised at number one in its list of questionnaire, consisting 38 questions sent to Nanavati commission formed officially on 08-05-2000 to probe on Sikh riots by former justice R S Narula of Punjab and Haryana High Court.
Both these Sikh body guards were Beant Singh and Satwant Singh. Both were from Delhi police. Beant Singh was a Sub-Inspector and he was appointed in security staff of Indira Gandhi since 1980. Satwant Singh was a new recruit. And only a few days ago, he was transferred in the security staff of Indira Gandhi. Beant Singh shot from his service revolver whereas Satwant Singh fired from his carbine. There is not any official information available on this third person involved in assassination.
After killing Indira Gandhi on the spot, both these assassins handed over themselves to other security staff personals on duty. They were then taken into custody by ITBP (INDO TIBETAN BORDER POLICE) personals. Without any protest, both of them surrendered and spoke in a loud voice …”we have done whatever we wanted to do, now you do whatever you want to do”. But the ITBP staff lost their patience on looking Indira fallen on ground and in a pool of blood, they opened fire on both of these unarmed men who were in their custody. Beant Singh was killed on the spot whereas Satwant Singh received bullets in his backbone and was seriously injured but alive. They were actually killed to wipe out the evidences of involvement of other influential persons in this assassination, the third clean shaved person was given the opportunity to run away from the spot.
So far his identity is not disclosed.
And lo both the mass murderers duo mother Indira and her son Rajiv were given the highest award Bharat Ratna posthumously and those who fought for nation were labelled terrorists by ruling Congress in india.
By: Ajmer Singh Randhawa.