Did Britain help India plan the raid on the Golden Temple? and whether Operation bluestar was A LAST RESORT?
British annexed Punjab in 1849 and duped the child king Maharaja Dalip Singh. It was a jeopardize in faith as their friend Maharaja appointed British as governor of his son but British betrayed with their friend.
Later on British betrayed once again when they transferred the annexed Punjab to govt. of India by a transfer of power in 1947. It had to be given back to Sikhs from whom it was taken and annexed in British empire.
It did not end here, in 1984, they duped again by providing help to butcher Indira Gandhi and prepared a plan to eliminate Sikhs in Amritsar.
Did Britain help India plan the raid on the Golden Temple?
January 13th, 2014 |
The ‘Stop Deportations’ web site carries “Top Secret and Personal” documents purporting to come from the National Archives and recently made public under the 30 year rule for Cabinet papers. The claim that the British Government colluded with the government of India over Operation Blue Star, the raid on the Golden Temple in Amritsar, will cause huge upset and offence to many British Sikhs.
I’ve only seen the documents this morning and am told there are others that have been withheld. This is not good enough. It is not unreasonable to ask for an explanation about the extent of British military collusion with the government of Indira Gandhi.
In the year when Sikhs commemorate their role in the centenary of World War I and mourn for loved ones lost in the events of 1984, this latest revelation will be deeply felt.
I am writing to the Foreign Secretary about this matter and will raise it in the House of Commons. I expect a full explanation.
Is it reasonable for a government to send in the Army to devastate a religious place because it is allegedly controlled by a person against whom it has no legal charges?
Is it criminal to be popular? Should a person and all his associates be condemned to death for this crime? We need to ponder over it.
To make the attack acceptable to the general public in India, the Sant had to be shown up as a Frankenstein. When governments have to kill popular persons they have to first criminalize them in the eyes of the public. Even in the case of Siri Guru Tegh Bahadur Saihb, the government at that time described him as a dacoit engaged in plunder to justify his beheading. In the case of Sant Bhindranwale, this was systematically done with cooperation from the Akalis. The massacre of Sikhs that followed was to teach a lesson to this troublesome minority. According to Joyce Pettigrew: “The army went into Darbar Sahib not to eliminate a political figure or a political movement but to suppress the culture of a people, to attack their heart, to strike a blow at their spirit and self-confidence.”
The attack on the Golden Temple was in plans even before the armed Sikh militants fortified it.
S K Sinha was the General Officer Commanding Western Command, a prestigious appointment in the early eighties, and was transferred to Delhi as the Vice Chief of Army Staff, with the expectation that he would succeed General K. V. Krishna Rao as the Army Chief.
He was supposed to familiarize himself with the office of the Army Chief. It was a surprize when he was superseded and Lt.-Gen. A. S. Vaidya, the GOC-in-C Eastern Command was appointed as the Chief of Army Staff. General S. K. Sinha submitted his resignation and elected to lead a retired life.
Then GOC of the Indian Army, S.K. Sinha, who was sacked on the eve of the attack for being critical of it, had criticized the Government’s projection of the attack as “Last resort”; and stated that the attack was in plans 1 year and 6 months prior to the actual day of attack. S. K. Sinha and Mark Tully reported that the army had been rehearsing
the attack for this time in the replica of Golden Temple they had built at a secret location near Chakrata Cantonment in the Doon Valley.
He disclosed in his book that the preparations to attack on this holiest shrine were being made for the last 18 months. A model of this shrine was temporarily built at Chakrata, a hill station 90 kms. far from Dehra Dun where the army was rehearsing to attack and a complete information was given of the inside of this complex of Golden temple to soldiers, made them familiar with topography of the complex when it attacks. In other meanings, the strategy to attack on holiest shrine was planned much before the Sant Jarnail Bhindranwala shifted to Sri Akal Takhat and made it’s Head Quarter. The Govt itself created such circumstances through false propaganda and provocations in Punjab to justify the army attack and to teach a lesson to Sikh nation whereas the need was to learn a lesson by Indira herself and the Indian govt.
Indira Gandhi had first asked Lt. Gen. S.K. Sinha, then Vice-Chief of Indian Army who was then slated to succeed as the Army chief, to prepare a position paper for assault on the Golden Temple. Lt. Gen. S K Sinha advised against any such move, given the sacrilegious outlook from Sikhs and non-Sikhs around the world – the shrine is unique in the world that it is not only open to people of all faiths, but revered by all as well.
He suggested the government adopt an alternative solution. A controversial decision was made to replace him immediately with Gen. Arun Vaidya as the Chief of the Indian Army.
Gen. Vaidya was assisted by Lt. Gen. K. Sunderjee as Vice-Chief. Operation Blue Star was eventually planned and controlled by them.
Former General VK Singh, chief of army staff revealed in his book ‘Couarge and Conviction’ that Indira took a political decision to attack and flush out the militants and army had to compromise.
(By: General VK Singh with Kunal Verma Aleph book Company. Rs. 595, PP 363).
By the end of May 1984, the situation in Punjab was becoming extremely tense. In May 1984, Indira Gandhi called for a conference at her residence. It was attended by the chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Arun Sridhar Vaidya, the DGMO, General CM Somanna, and the Western Army Commander who had come down from Chandi Mandir, Lieutinent General Krishnaswamy Sunderji.
Indira Gandhi had discussed the situation within the Golden Temple, and asked the Western Army commander if the entire group of militants could be flushed out, General Sunderji had responded positively, reportedly saying that if there was a requirement to clear the Golden Temple, he would have it cleared in no time.
Sunderji belligerent stance put the COAS in an awkward situation. As the chief, with General Somanna by his side, began to explain the reasoning behind this advice, Indira Gandhi impatiently cut him short and asked him why he was anticipating problems when the army commander on the ground was confident of resolving the issue.
General Sunderji always looked to be a man in a tremendous hurry and it was felt that he was too willing to do things without getting into the details of the matter.
This set the ball rolling for what was to be one of India’s darkest chapters – Operation Blue star. Indira Gandhi also unwittingly created a situation where army HQ now had to play a secondary role to Western Command in planning the operation.
The moment General Sunderji pulled the carpet from under the COAS’s feet, military logic had been compromised and each subsequent decision was guided by political rather than operational logic.
But if General VK Singh is believed on planning of attack in end of May 1984, then why Genral SK Sinha revealed in his book ‘Last resort’ as the army was giving training to it’s soldiers in Chakrata (doon valley) 18 months before the attack? But we believe the version of attack being political and the specific day of operation on martyrdom day of fifth Guru of Sikh religion to give a cover to army personals in complex to reach safely and take possession of Sri Akal Takhat which failed. General Sunderji had assured that the army will take over the control within no time but it was stopped for 72 hrs to cover a distance of only 200 meters. The army was compelled to use heavy Artyllery and Armor to demolish the historical building of supreme and temporal seat of Sikh religion and to kill the last 14 Sikh militants.
General Malik didn’t clarify if the attack on Golden temple by Indian army was justified and on Sikh genocide in November 1984, why army could not be deployed in Delhi and other parts of India where the Sikhs were killed brutally in large numbers. Why did the troops sent from Agra and Meerut could not reach Delhi in three days whereas the same Indian army by same Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was sent to Sri Lanka in just six hours on demand by the President Jaywardhne? The Generals of Indian army were given only six hours for preparations and leave to Sri Lanka, they obliged in 1985.
And now again they punished BRAVE FOUR IN UK who attacked the former General KS Brar for his role in killing of innocent Sikh pilgrims in Golden temple complex.
How could the Sikhs call British their friends?
Ajmer Singh Randhawa