During the Middle Ages, it began to became apparent that the Julian leap year formula had overcompensated for the actual length of a solar year, having added an extra day every 128 years. However, no adjustments were made to compensate. By 1582, seasonal equinoxes were falling 10 days “too early,” and some church holidays, such as Easter, did not always fall in the proper seasons. In that year, Pope Gregory XIII authorized, and most Roman Catholic countries adopted, the “Gregorian” or “New Style” Calendar.” As part of the change, ten days were dropped from the month of October, and the formula for determining leap years was revised so that only years divisible by 400 (e.g., 1600, 2000) at the end of a century would be leap years. January 1 was established as the first day of the new year. Protestant countries, including England and its colonies, not recognizing the authority of the Pope, continued to use the Julian Calendar.Double Dating
Between 1582 and 1752, not only were two calendars in use in Europe (and in European colonies), but two different starts of the year were in use in England. Although the “Legal” year began on March 25, the use of the Gregorian calendar by other European countries led to January 1 becoming commonly celebrated as “New Year’s Day” and given as the first day of the year in almanacs.
To avoid misinterpretation, both the “Old Style” and “New Style” year was often used in English and colonial records for dates falling between the new New Year (January 1) and old New Year (March 25), a system known as “double dating.” Such dates are usually identified by a slash mark [/] breaking the “Old Style” and “New Style” year, for example, March 19, 1631/2. Occasionally, writers would express the double date with a hyphen, for example, March 19, 1631-32. In general, double dating was more common in civil than church and ecclesiastical records.
Changes of 1752
In accordance with a 1750 act of Parliament, England and its colonies changed calendars in 1752. By that time, the discrepancy between a solar year and the Julian Calendar had grown by an additional day, so that the calendar used in England and its colonies was 11 days out-of-sync with the Gregorian Calendar in use in most other parts of Europe.
England’s calendar change included three major components. The Julian Calendar was replaced by the Gregorian Calendar, changing the formula for calculating leap years. The beginning of the legal new year was moved from March 25 to January 1. Finally, 11 days were dropped from the month of September 1752.
The changeover involved a series of steps:
December 31, 1750 was followed by January 1, 1750 (under the “Old Style” calendar, December was the 10th month and January the 11th) March 24, 1750 was followed by March 25, 1751 (March 25 was the first day of the “Old Style” year) December 31, 1751 was followed by January 1, 1752 (the switch from March 25 to January 1 as the first day of the year) September 2, 1752 was followed by September 14, 1752 (drop of 11 days to conform to the Gregorian calendar)
Courtesy: http://www.ctstatelibrary.org/node/2218 Now due to the actual length of a solar year, having added an extra day every 128 years. The day of creation of khalsa now falls on 14th April every year whereas if changes are not accepted it should fall today on 31st March.
So as per these changes, one day is added after every 128 years, since 1752, two more days are added in calender means the total days added are 14 till date, hence Khalsa was created on 31st March 1699 as per calculations made on behalf of changes made by Pope Gregory in 1752.
In next century in the year 2126 this day may fall on 15th April.
So i congratulate whole Khalsa Panth on creation of khalsa this day 31st March 1699 and seek blessings of Khalsa panth for more enlightenment and naam daan. I bow before you with due regards.
An authentic report of on creation of Khaalsa by a spy of Mogul emperor Aurangzeb (eye witness account);
“On this day, Guru Ji prepared a new nectar. There were about 35 to 40 thousand people present in the gathering to hear the Guru. The Mughalsa at the time had four thrones; Delhi, Agra, Lahore and Klanaur; but the throne of the Guru at Anandpur had its own typical glamour. This throne beat all the Mogul thrones in their splendour. That day the Guru wore a gorgeous dress. He came into the court and unsheathed his sword and in a loud voice said, “I need one head”, without any hesitation Bhai Daya Ram came forward and offered himself for the sacrifice.
The Guru, in front of the whole congregation, struck Daya Ram’s head off with the sword and severed it from the body. The audience was stunned and speechless.
The Guru said again, “I need another head”, immediately Bhai Dharam Chand stood up and bowed to the Guru. The Guru severed his head too in one stroke. The audience panicked and started leaving the court. The Guru asked for another head and one after the other beheaded three more devotes, Himmat Rai, Mohkham Chand and Sahib Chand. Numerous individuals went to the Guru’s mother and narrated the whole episode.
The Guru then cleaned and washed the five corpses and their severed heads. He also cleaned the floor so that no mark of blood was left anywhere. Then Guru Ji placed the severed heads with one and other heads and the bodies and covered them with white sheets.
He called for a big stone and put on it a steel bowl which had no handles. He poured water into the the bowl and started churning it into nectar. Guru Ji stirred the nectar with the sword and recited holy words. This went on for about half an hour. At that time, a woman perhaps elated to the Prophet, came forward and put something into the bowl. Now the nectar was ready.
The Guru then sat towards the heads of the corpses. He uncovered their faces and first put some nectar in Bhai Daya Ram’s mouth and sprinkled it into his head and then all over his body and said, “Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa;Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh”. Immediately Bhai Daya Ram Ji became alive, stood up and repeated the words after the Guru.
The whole congregation went pale with fear. Despite many thousand present no one could breathe loudily. They all had frozen under the spell of the Guru’s miracle.
I (Abu-ul-Turani) was very much impressed and my heart grieved to be under the Guru’s guidance and with a lump in my throat, I too approached the Guru and begged him to bless me with the nectar. The Guru smilingly obliged and initiated me and named me Ajmer Singh, thus with the Guru’s blessing I attained eternal bliss.
This was the last report I ever sent to Aurangzeb in which I also mentioned that the Guru is ‘God’ and warned Aurangzeb that this enmity towards the Guru will lead to the downfall and destruction of his empire.”
If we look at Pranchin Panth Prakash written by Rattan Singh Bhangu, it refers to an eyewitness account of the amrit sanchar that took place in 1699, by one, Ab-Ul-Tarani. In addition, Bhai Vir Singh Ji also mention of Abu-ul-Tarani, in his works Dasmesh Chamatkar. Both of these texts above suggest that Abu-ul-Tarani was a spy on behalf of the Emperor Aurengzeb in the court of the Guru for two years.
Ajmer Singh Randhawa.