This post is in response to Dr. Zakir Naik who falsely claimed that Baba Nanak could not visit Mecca due to his non-Muslim status? Dr. Zakir Naik is suffering from phobia of super complexion of intelligence as he is the only learnt scholar and smartest person on this planet. He forgets that there are many other learnt scholars of every faith and few are blessed having knowledge of other religions also but they do not raise their fingers in lack of any evidence.
We have the evidences of visit of Baba Nanak to Mecca, in Sri Guru Granth sahib ji at page 1136, its clearly mentioned that Guru Nanak didn’t go their for a pilgrimage called hajj but he went their to discourse and preach that Allah or God doesn’t reside in west but there are infinite skies, hells and galaxies in universe.
Baba Nanak is known and called as Hazrat Rabb Majid Baba Nanak Faqir or Nanak wali or Nanak Shah Kalandar in middle east. There are many places built in many cities to commemorate his visit. few evidences are given below but whether Kaaba moved? Yes the historical evidence by an eye-witness written on manuscript available in Medina univerisity confirms it. Detail is given below in the post.
In Ramayana, the mother Sita prays mother earth to give her way so that she may rest forever, the mother earth accpted her prayer and gave her by dividing in two parts. Sita entered in divided part and then disappered forever, mother eart got united. All signs of division disappered. Is it possible? Could mother earth accept any such pray and give way like this? yes, everything is possible. The world is under command of some super powers invisible to us. with changing times, many prophets are born. Guru Nanak was a prophet. If one go through this manuscript written by Taajudin naqashbandi, all doubts vanishes in air and the head bow to praise Baba Nanak.
Baba Nanak travelled extensively in almost evry corner of the world. He not only covered middle east but also met Pope in Rome, travelled all over Africa, went to UK, Maxico, crossed oceans and climbed mountains reached Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Sikkim, China and Sri Lanka. Evidences of his visit in these parts of world are found.. he was a Godman, who could stop him to eneter in any part of the world? Please know Baba Nanak before any such question is ever raised, Please know the Lord.
Babania Kahania – Translator’s Note
During Guru Nanak’s journeys in the Middle East, a local author, Taajudin Naqshabandhi, joined Guru Nanak and remained with him for roughly one-and-a-half to two years. Taajudin documented his time with Guru Nanak in great detail. Four centuries later, a young man from Kashmir, Syed Mushtaq Hussain, chanced upon Taajudin’s handwritten manuscript while studying to become an Islamic scholar. This manuscript changed Mushtaq’s life. He converted to Sikhism and went on to become the renowned Sant Syed Prithipal Singh.
Travels of Guru Nanak, Fauja Singh – Kirpal Singh, Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, Patiala
Puratan or Walayat Wali Janamsakhi also corroborates the Guru’s visit to Mecca. A manuscript of this Janamsakhi was taken to the East India Company Library by H.T. Colebrook in 1815 AD. Around 1872, Sikhs requested copies of this Janamsakhi, and were obliged by Charles Aitcheson, the Lieutenant Governer General of Punjab. Thus, it acquired the name Walayat Wali (Foreign) Janamsakhi. The date of composition of this Janamsakhi has been worked out to be around 1634 AD (the time of the sixth Guru). The language, spelling, and location names used in this work, such as Saidpur in place of Eminabad, confirm its antiquity.
Another source is the Bala Janamsakhi, which is dated around 1658 AD. This last Janamsakhi is controversial because of its implausible claims of origin, and the haphazard order of places which may have been used by the author to bolster supernatural aspects of the Guru’s miraculous flights to different places. This Janamsakhi on its own may not serve useful historical purpose, but supplemented by other sources, it can fill in some blanks.
Giani Gian Singh started as an employee of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and wrote the famous historical texts Panth Prakash (1880 AD), and Twareekh Khalsa (1892). He wrote about five very famous houses built in the memory of Guru Nanak in Aden, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina and Baghdad. During his time, four of these places were under the sponsorship of the Ottoman Empire. The priests and caretakers of these houses were employees of the Turkish ruler. With the exception of Aden, the other four served langar (free kitchen) paid for by the ruler. The Giani based his account on descriptions provided by many Hajj travelers from Punjab15
All the houses were built in the shape of a mosque with a golden dome. Inside each, there was a platform. The priests wore a blue kachh which could cover the knee but not the calf. The young Mushtaq, in this book, describes visiting some of the same houses in 1930.
Picture sketch of Baba Nanak made in Baghdad.
Muslims seeking to twist history and reality for their own agenda and world-view have totally manipulated the reason why Guru Nanak Sahib jee visited Mecca. Muslims go to Mecca to pay their homage and worship God (this pilgrimage is called Hajj in the Islamic faith), but this was not the purpose of Guru jee to go there. Guru jee says:
”I do not make pilgrimages to Mecca, nor do I worship at Hindu sacred shrines. I serve the One Lord, and not any other. ||2|| I do not perform Hindu worship services, nor do I offer the Muslim prayers. I have taken the One Formless Lord into my heart; I humbly worship Him there. ||3||”
This shows that Guru jee did not visit Mecca to worship Allah. Instead, He went for different reasons. Muslims believe that God is in the west and only likes Muslims. Guru jee visited Mecca to clear their doubts and to show them the right path. He went to preach oneness of God who does not reside only in the west. Guru jee said there are infinite heavens, hells and solar systems. There is no end to God or His creation.
Many Muslims take offence with the reference that Jeevan saw the Kaaba move as he moved Guru Nanak’s feet to point them in a direction away from Kaaba. They claim that this could not have happened. However, there are many famous references in Islam which talk about the Kaaba moving16:
Hazrat Iban writes in his book Fatuhat Makih that he saw the Kaaba rise to crush him when he thought inappropriate thoughts about the Kaaba during the Hajj (Israr Shariat, part 2, page 74)
Rabia, when passing through a forest on her way to the Hajj for the second time, saw the Kaaba coming towards her to welcome her. Rabia said, I was hoping to see God. I have no need for God’s house. If he were to walk towards me a length of a hand, I will advance a yard towards him. What do I do with the Kaaba? This doesn’t please me.
Hazrat Ibrahim Azam went to Mecca, and was surprised to see the Kaaba missing. He thought his eyesight was failing him. He heard a voice which said, “there is nothing wrong with your eyesight, the Kaaba has gone to welcome a lady who is too feeble to walk to the Hajj” (Tazkiratul Awliayah, page 62).
15- Gian Singh references the following Hajj travelers: Hajji Gulam Ali of Rangpura, Hajji Gulam Muhayudin Maulvi, Hajji Gulam Mohammad son of Ilahi Baksh of Sialkot, Hajji Fateh Khan ship broker from Bombay, Shahbaz Khan from Kabul, Hajji Kutab Din of Lahore and Hajji Imam Baksh of Delhi
16-Shri Guru Nanak Chamatkar, Utraardh, by Bhai Vir Singh, page 158
Guru Nanak’s Commemoration Places in Baghdad
Swami Ananda Acharya a Sanyasi (a sect of monks in Hinduism) living in Switzerland wrote a book of English poetry ‘Snow-birds’ which was published by MacMillan in 1919 in London. In this book, there is a poem about Guru Nanak and Bahlol, which was inspired by a stone inscription Ananda Acharya came across in a building outside Baghdad. According to Ananda ji, the inscription in Arabic dated 912 Hijri read: “Here spake the Hindu Guru Nanak to Fakir Balol, and for these sixty winters, since the Guru left Iran, the soul of Balol has rested on the Masters’ word, like a bee poised on a dawn-lit honey-rose”.
The 1918 photograph of the place
The famous Sikh organization ‘Chief Khalsa Diwan’ sent historian Karam Singh to pre-WWI Baghdad to research places related to Guru Nanak17. Karam Singh said that there is a place built in the memory of Abdul Kadar Jilani outside Baghdad in the North-East of the city, where Guru ji had stayed. The inscription seen by Ananda ji was likely in this place. However, Karam Singh could not visit this place because non Muslims were not allowed. Karam Singh, however, talked about another commemoration place for the ‘Hindi Pir’ to the west of the city built near the Baghdad-Samara railway line.
17-The newspaper Khalsa Samachar, July 4 1918
During the First World War when British and Indian armies conquered Baghdad, Sikhs discovered the place where Guru Nanak had his discourse with Bahlol. It lies to the west of the town, between the old graveyard to the north and the present Baghdad-Samara railway line to the south. Dr. Kirpal Singh, then a Captain in the Indian Medical Service, also saw it during the War, and he, in his letter, dated October 15, 1918, described it as follows18:
“It is really a humble looking building and known to very few people except Sikhs. To some Arabs it is known as well by the name of ‘tomb of Bahlol’. You enter the building by a small door, on which something is written in Arabic, not visible to a casual visitor. Even with attention it is difficult to read. I could not read it hence could not copy it. I have taken the photograph of the outside, which I shall forward to you in due course. Entering the building, you come to a brick paved passage going to your right straight into the room (with a verandah), wherein you find the tomb and the raised platform. In the courtyard there are a few trees, mostly pomegranates.”18-SikhiWiki, Guru Nanak in Baghdad
Baba Nanak’s Monument in Turkey
In 1994, Devinder Singh Chahal of Canada went to Istanbul to present a research paper on Bioenergy. While there, he chanced on a 15×6 ft. stone monument in a public park in the Strait of Bosporus.
Devinder Singh knows Arabic script, and his attention was caught by the word ‘Nanak’ on the monument.
The inscription is written in old Turkish in Arabic script and most of it is rendered illegible by severe weathering. There are cracks in the monument which have been filled by cement (see photograph below). The first line of the inscription has been translated.
The rest of the long inscription is badly weathered, and has not been deciphered. The first line reads:
Turkish: ‘Jehangir jaman hind lat abd al majid Nanak’ English Translation: ‘The Lord of the time, resident of India, Nanak – the man of God’21
The monument has a date of 1850 AD. It can’t be conclusively established if the monument is related to Guru Nanak, or somebody else named Nanak. There are many unanswered questions. Why would somebody erect a monument to Guru Nanak in Turkey three centuries after his passing? Then again, Nanak is not a name found in Arabic or Turkish20
The reference to the platform is on page 264, in Giani Gian Singh’s book the Twareekh Khalsa, published by the Department of Language Punjab. 21
SikhiWiki, Guru Nanak in Turkey dictionaries. The reference to India may point to Guru Nanak.
Further study on its history indicates that this monument was built in the name of an Ottoman Empire Sultan Abd-al-Majid in 1267 Hijri (1850 CE). A port was established in that area (Kabata) in order to save the Sultan’s boats from heavy winds, and this stone monument was put there at that time. On the back side of the monument, the benefits of the port are inscribed, and on front side facing the Straits of Bosporus there is prayer for the Sultan. Could this prayer be connected to Guru Nanak? In Islam, Guru Nanak is often recorded as a Sufi named ‘Baba Nanak’, ‘Baba Nanak Fakir’ and even ‘Hazrat Rab Majid Baba Nanak Fakir’ as on the stone at Baghdad.
The Sufi tradition in Turkey is linked with the one in India. Bearing this connection in mind, could this monument be in some way related to Sufi tradition? Until full inscription on both sides of the monument is translated, it can’t be said for certain whether or not this monument is linked to Guru Nanak.
The common opinion is that Guru Nanak went straight from Medina to Baghdad, and took the shortest route.
However, a second route through Cairo, Syria, Turkey and then Baghdad could have been easier. There is evidence that the Guru went to Cairo from Medina (this is supported by the Arabic author and the Guru’s platform in Cairo). If a link between the Guru and Turkey is established, then the case for the second route becomes more plausible.
Ajmer Singh Randhawa.