India 1984 – when it backstabbed & betrayed with Sikh nation (Part-21)
Role of Sajjan Kumar in Sikh genocide 1984 continued from previous post which readers may read at :
The resettlement colony of Sultanpuri has a mixed population of Hindus and Sikhs employed in various occupations. Many of the Hindus belong to the lower castes and are employed in various bodies as safai karamcharis. Among the Sikhs are Sikligars (who specialise in preparing metal gratings for building con struction), charpoy weavers from Alwar, scooter rickshaw owners, TV mechanics, electricians, and shop keepers. Some also work as scooter rickshaw drivers, rickshaw pullers, vendors and labourers.
It is significant that the members of the two communities lived in perfect harmony prior to the riots. This was testified to by the Sikhs in the various relief camps. On no occasion in the past had there been any evidence of tensions between them.
The Sikh residents of the colony were taken by surprise when in the late hours of Thursday (November 1) the were suddenly attacked by violent mobs. According to eye witnesses the mob consisted of local people and of outsiders believed to be Jats of neighbouring villages (Mundka is one such village). The attacks were directed at the men folk and a large number of Sikh males were killed. Some of the survivors were able to identify these who played a leading role in the attack. The leaders include local politicians, the police and some local people.
In trying to identify and understand the assailants and arsonists it seems indubitable that sweeper urchins, beggars, mechanics, drivers, vegetable sellers, etc. from the local areas were involved. But it was not entirely on their own initiative. Most of the killers in Sultanpuri were led by Pradhans, who were at the base of the political hierarchy. It was they who incited the mobs against the Sikhs and helped to identify Sikh houses and establishments. The Pradhans were in turn linked to the local Congress M. P. Some of the Pradhans who were repeatedly held responsible by the survivors for acts of incitement and for aiding and abetting the rioters were Mr. Chauhan, Mr. Bagri and Mr. Gupta, The M. P. who was most common held responsible for the attacks was Mr. Sajjan Kumar of the Congress (I).
Police connivance with the rioters in Sultanpuri is indicated by the fact that the SHO by the name of Mr. Bhatti reportedly not only killed a couple of Sikhs, but also helped the mob to disarm the Sikhs. The police involvement may be summed up in words of one survivor “Khud Mara Hai, Miley Huey the”, (they themselves killed : they were in complicity).
Almost every refugee we spoke to gave an identical version. Also involved in the Carnage in Sultanpuri were kerosene suppliers Brahmanand Gupta, Verenand, Master and Ved Prakash who provided the fuel for the Sikh funeral as also a Jat doctor Changa.
Others actively participating were the owner of the Hanuman ration shop, Gajanand, godown owner, Gulab Singh and an auto rickshaw driver Omi. All these criminals supervised the Carnage.
The attacks which began on the Sikh residents on Thursday night went on relentlessly till Friday afternoon (November 1-2). Among the directions heard being shouted to the mob were “kill men, rape women”. The mobs were equipped with lathis, iron rods and other weapons and carried kerosene with them.
Many Hindu neighbors had sheltered Sikh families and locked them up in different houses. Unfortunately this did not save them from the looting, arson, lynching, and killing that followed. Houses were being identified, set on fire, and Sikh males killed, women were seen carrying away loot from the houses of better off Sikhs : gold jewellery, TV sets and other things were carried off. A lot of property including means of livelihood such has handcarts and rickshaws were systematically destroyed.
The killings were brutal, One Sikh was pushed into a car, which was then set a blaze. Others were hit, thrown on the ground, doused with kerosene and set on fire.
A pregnant women was stabbed by the rioters and some women are reported to have been raped. A graphic account is available with certain members of our team who visited the relief camp at Shakurpur (Pant Bagh).
In a large hail of Shakurpur Camp housing the Sultanpuri victims of the carriage sit a row of women and children huddled together with shock and grief inscribed on every part of their beings. There is not a single boy of over ten years in the group and boys are rare. Each group consists of a women of the older generation, three or four young widows, a few adolescent girls and the rest are children, ranging from ten years to nursing infants. One such household consists of 18 people rendered absolutely destitute with not a single earning member left; all four adult males have been murdered. Two of the younger women have new born babies, one six day old (it was born day before the killings) and another 10 days old. They stared blankly into space holding the babies in their arms too dazed to speak or even mourn. But the older women who had lost her husband and three sons gave vent to her grief bitterly “ab to sabse accha yeh hoga ki aap ham sab ko jahar dila dain; ab ham ji nahin sakte ; kaise jiyenge, kis ke liye jiyenge ?” (It would be best to give us all poison, how will we live and for whom?).
She was voicing the sentiment of many of the women present, all of whom had watched their men folk being attacked and cut down, then doused with kerosene and set ablaze. Not one of these were willing to consider returning to their original homes after the brutal massacre they had lived through. How can they even think of it unless the guilty are identified and punished ?.
The blocks most badly affected wereA4 (65 killed, 15 missing), P1, 2 and 3 (31 killed and 5 missing) and C3 and C4. From an enumeration done in Camp II (housing about 2000-survivors mainly from Sultanpuri) the figures are 157 dead, 25 injured and 52 missing from this group alone. This means that on an average every second family suffered at least at least one family member dead. According to an expert it is curious that the number of injured is so few compared to the number of dead. In cases of looting and killing due to mob frenzy, the number injured is usually much higher. This implies that the attackers were not disorderly.
Matters did not end with the events of November 1 and 2. During the next two days, Saturday and Sunday (November 3 and 4) the SHO is reported to have got a barber brought to a hall where the Sikhs were herded together (prior to evacuation) and made to pay Rs. 21 each to get themselves shaved. They were threatened that they would get shot if they did not comply. It was reported that the barber made Rs. 500.
Around 5000 Sikhs were herded together till the army evacuated them three days later. Some 800 are still in Sultanpuri under Army protection. Attempts at adequate arrangements for their food were still being made by the army on Thursday, November 8, a whole week after the terror started.
The survivors at Camp II with a few exceptions do not want to go back. Reportedly only 100 from the 2000 in this camp went back. But 20 had returned by November 9th. Even within the camp they are feeling insecure.
The same sweepers who only a few days ago looted their houses and killed their husbands and sons have managed to sneak into the camps for the ostensible purpose of doing the sanitation work. These people are regularly keeping watch on them and spying on their movements.
The centre of the holocaust was the jhuggi and jhopri colony (JJ cluster and re-settlement colony) at Mangolpuri in West Delhi where a large number of Sikhs are concentrated in certain blocks.
The disturbances started on November 1 evening after a police van had come to the G Block and announced that water had been poisoned. The other two rumours- that Sikhs were celebrating Mrs. Gandhi’s death by distributing sweets and that Hindu corpses had arrived in trains from Punjab were also soon making the rounds.
Apprehending trouble, several Sikhs from different blocks approached the police for help. One woman survivor whom we met later at the Shakurpur relief camp on November 5 told us that when she want to the police station for protection, the police said “We cannot do anything- you are now on your own”. Later, during the riots, the miscreants were seen using diesel from police vans to set fire to the houses of the Sikhs. One group of survivors from Block X told us that the police took them out from their houses on the plea of rescuing them and then turned them over to the mob waiting outside. According to information gathered from the survivors, the assailants were from the nearby Jat villages and were accompanied by local Schedule Caste people- the same composition of the mob which we found in Trilokpuri. Hovering around the arsonists were local Congress (I) leaders and followers in jeeps and other vehicles. The survivors identified Mala Ram, a local Congress (I) leader, who came with about 300 people and personally supervised the arson, looting and murders. Ishwar Singh, Salim Querishi and Shaukeen (Congress (I) workers belonging to the Waqf Club). Rajinder Singh all well known Congress (I) activists were found going around instructing the mob, providing kerosene and providing out Sikh homes.
One single name which cropped up wherever we went interviewing the residents of Mangolpuri was that of Sajjan Kumar, the Congress (I) MP of the area. Almost in one voice, they alleged that Sajjan Kumar had masterminded the violence. Some people accused him of having paid Rs. 100 and a bottle of liquor to each person taking part in the may-hem. The extent of hatred towards him among the Sikh survivors of Mangolpuri was evident when Sajjan Kumar visited the Mangolpuri police station on November 4 where the survivors were waiting to be transported to a refugee camp. Members of our team were witness to a scene where the Sikhs abused him openly and held him responsible for the carnage. The Congress (I) MP tried to pacify them by pleading his innocence. “Why should my party kill you who are Congress (I) supporters?” he said, and laid the blame on the Lt. Governor who had been replaced the previous day by a new successor. A little later when the team visited the Punjabi Bagh camp where some among the Mangolpuri refugees had arrived, the team was told that the hungry refugees had refused to touch the foodstuff brought earlier by Sajjan Kumar.
The violence indulged in by the mob was marked by the most brutal atrocities. Women survivors told us how their children were ripped apart, their husbands and sons made to cut off their hair, beaten up with iron rods and then burnt alive. Almost all the Sikh houses in the 26 blocks of Mangolpuri were attacked and destroyed and the main targets of murderous assault were the young male members of the households. Official attempts to underestimate the extent of killings by giving out the Delhi State Committee of the CPI (M) which from a house-to-house survey in a few blocks alone found at least 51 killed.
When we visited Mangolpuri on November 5 we were shown spots were the bodies were burnt and we were taken to a ‘nallah’ (Drain) between Mangolpuri and Sultanpuri where we were told several hundred bodies were dumped.
It was only on the evening of November 3 that the army arrived at Mangolpuri. Narrating the event, one Sikh whom we met at the Shakurpur relief camp where he was staying with other refugees, told us that they were taken out by the mob, made to stand in a park and when they were about to be set on fire, the troops arrived and saved them.
Before the arrival of troops, the few sources of protection available to the sufferers of Mongolpuri were the Hindu and Muslim neighbors who at tremendous risk to their lives gave shelter to the Sikhs. They hid them in their homes and shops and resisted attempts by the mob to trace them out. A Muslim young man in Nangloi told us how his family saved a number of Sikh men, women and children and secretly transported them to the relief The experience of a Hindu, C. Lal of Mangolpuri is revealing. He passed through the days of the 1947 partition, when he crossed over from Sialkot to India. He relived the same days during the first week of November when his brother’s shop was looted and burnt, because he gave shelter to several Sikh families and formed a peace committee in his locality to protect the Sikhs.
Courtesy: PUCL and PUDF ( Who is guilty)
1984 riots: The original ‘maut ke saudagars’ set the tone for future.
Complete Story of Sajjan Kumar: 1984 to 2013
Sequence of events
By Harjinder Basiala and by Gagandeep Sohale
How Sajjan Kumar was protected from 6th November 1984 :- Read the other details also ………..
A large number of victims named Sajjan Kumar in 1984 itself for his involvement in the killings of Sikhs. Many of these witnesses informed volunteers working in the Relief Camps of his involvement as the Police was not registering their complaints.
Based upon these allegations of the victims a delegation of Opposition Leaders met the Prime Minister on 6thNovember 1984 and mentioned about the involvement of Sajjan Kumar. This fact appeared in many newspapers on 7th November 1984. As the Police was not registering complaints a number of Human Rights Groups started their enquiry. Later on the Misra Commission had also agreed with the allegations of the victims that the Police did not register cases where the victims named political leaders.
Sajjan Kumar’s role prominently figured in the report ‘Who are the Guilty’ published by PUCL and PUDR in the last week of November 1984.
Sajjan Kumar’s role also figured prominently in other reports published by Human Rights Groups in December 1984 and January 1985.
Ambassador Gurbachan Singh (Retd.) and Gobind Narain (Former Governor), informed Nanavati Commission that while they were holding enquiries as part of Justice Sikri’s Citizens Commission in December 1984, a number of victims named Sajjan Kumar for his involvement into the killings in 1984.
12 Affidavits were filed against Sajjan Kumar in July to September 1985 before Misra Commission of Inquiry.
Misra Commission in its report in February 1987 gave the finding that the Police did not register cases wherever political leaders were named. However, Misra said that it is not a part of his terms of reference to recommend registration of criminal cases. Misra Commission recommended formation of another Committee for that purpose. In August 1987, the Jain-Banerjee Committee consisting of Justice M.L. Jain and A.K. Banerjee-IG (Retd.) recommended registration of cases against Sajjan Kumar but no case was registered by Police.
In 1990, during the tenure of V.P. Singh government, CBI registered the case against Sajjan Kumar. When the team of CBI arrested Sajjan Kumar at his house, a huge mob gathered and burnt the Jeeps of CBI.
In 1991, Delhi Police sends a report to the Prosecution Branch to close the case against Sajjan Kumar in FIR No. 67/87 of P.S. Nangloi, but the Prosecution Branch rejects that recommendation and holds that sufficient evidence against Sajjan Kumar has come on record to file the charge sheet.
Faced with this on 8th April 1992, Delhi Police prepared charge sheet against Sajjan Kumar for the Murder of 4 Sikhs and the same was signed by the Inspector and ACP. It is recorded in the charge sheet that sufficient evidence has come against Sajjan Kumar and hence charge sheet was presented in the Court. It is also recorded that Sajjan Kumar is not arrested due to law and order problem and the court may summon him.
In Sagarpur area of west Delhi,
Sardar Budh singh had purchased 200 yards plots for each of his son, (number of plots are disfigured in my mind but he purchased many plots for his own family and for family of his younger brother who also settled with him there in Sagarpur). He was a rich farmer of Bikaner who sold his agriculture lands in Bikaner and settled in Delhi.
On the eve of 1st November 1984, some activities of strangers were noticed in the area, they were searching for Sikhs.
There were totally 24 male members in this family. They were united and could face the mob and retaliate with their full might and valor. They were all strong built villagers. But all of them were brutally murdered How?
Chaudhary Partap Singh, Village Pradhan came to Budh singh and requested him to hide his sons and other male members of the family at tubewell and in the adjoining houses of Hindu neighbors so that the crowd of these strangers may pass from the village without any harm to its residents or bloodshed.
Budh singh ji agreed to this suggestion. The male members were divided in groups of 2 to 4 and were hidden accordingly but Partap Singh betrayed with Budh Singh. He himself informed and guided the death squads to those houses where these youths were safely hidden. Now these Sikh youths were helpless and without any weapons, they were caught, brought at a central place near their houses, then garlanded with tyre in their necks, kerosene was sprayed on their bodies and burnt alive.
This is not any hearsay but the truthful story of the death of 24 male members of the family whose pyres (where they were burnt) were seen by these writer also. I (writer Ajmer Singh Randhawa) went their within a week’s time as I was at Dehra Dun where I got the news of these brutal killings by my cousin who had relations with this family. His son was married with daughter of Budh Singh ji. So they were my distant relatives.
I came to Delhi by car, went to my cousin’s house in Hari Nagar. I saw a relief camp there in which the widows of this family were provided a shelter along with others from other parts of west Delhi. I saw new utensils and items of daily usage were provided by DSGMC. The local politicians of Delhi Mrs. Tajdar Babar and Lalit Makan arrived and regretted for the riots and showed their condolence with bereaved families. When they were going back, I was just present near the gate where I passed a remark as…It’s all done by you people, first you do it than visit to mourn to win the hearts? They didn’t reply, just looked upon me and went away.`
In the evening I got a message that a boy of this family is alive. I took my car and moved towards Sagarpur, my nephew was scared but I wasn’t. I assured him that it was not possible to stop my Ambassador car for anyone, just get in. We searched, met many villagers, saw the ashes of burnt people then somebody told us that the boy is in Sonipat so we went to Sonipat but it was proved a wrong information.
So all these 24 well built, strong Sikh youths were killed by betrayal of village head who showed his loyalty to Sajjan kumar and Congress and passed the information of their places of hide. Was not it backstabbing, a jeopardize in faith? The people who were hidden by you, you get them killed by death squads by leaking information of their hide? Whether this highlights any good quality of Hindu religion or a blackspot forever on their forehead? This is unforgettable, saddest incident which was witnessed in this Sikh genocide.
Trial of four cops sought in 1984 Genocide case.
In a development that can mean more trouble for Delhi Police in the 1984 anti-Sikh Genocide cases, the prosecution has moved a sessions court seeking trial of four police officers, including the then ACP, for destroying in 1992 records and files of a Nangloi case.
The application was moved recently by special public prosecutor B S Joon before additional sessions judge Kamini Lau, who is hearing the case registered in 1991 with regard to the killing of four persons.
The allegation will also impact the fate of another FIR (no.67/87) in a genocide case related to the killing of five persons and allegedly involving senior Congress leader Sajjan Kumar. The present case was registered in 1991 and was clubbed with another FIR registered in 1987, which had named Kumar as an accused. However, the charge sheet in the 1987 FIR had gone “missing” for 18 years after it was clubbed with the 1991 FIR (in which Kumar didn’t figure as an accused). It was only in 2010 that a court separated the two, clearing the way for filing of a fresh document. Sources claimed the record of the 1987 FIR naming Kumar could also have been destroyed.
The plea for framing of charges against the cops will be decided on Saturday. In an application on 21 January-2014, Joon said the “evidence on record is sufficient to frame charges against the accused, namely then SHO of Nangloi police station, inspector Ram Pal Singh Rana, then SI Dalel Singh, then ACP Amarender Kumar Singh and then SHO R S Dahiya for destroying records relating to the 1984 Genocide in PS Nangloi, deliberately to save the accused in this case despite registration of the present FIR on 28 August, 1991”.
The prosecution has relied on the statement of a prosecution witness, who has claimed “the record of the riots was destroyed on 5 February, 1992 by the then SHO and ACP”. “That the letter dated 26 August, 1991, is specific to the effect that DCP (West) had sought intimation, within 15 days, as to whether the record was required for any purpose, but the accused and aforesaid persons without giving any intimation to DCP (West), destroyed the record on 5 February, 1992 …” the plea stated. The prosecution wants charges of hatching a criminal conspiracy to destroy proof (Section 201 read with Section 120B IPC).
But in a recent judgement, judge Kamini Lau aquitted all these Police Officers from charges of destroying evidences which was already expected as the govt, itself protects this mass murderer Sajjan Kumar. I am sure the day is not far when he wi; also be acquitted from all charges by Indian Courts.
No magisterial order has been issued for clubbing of the files. District Judge S.K. Sarvaria, while rejecting the plea of the Delhi police to club the case involving Kumar with the ongoing trial in another case relating to the 1984 carnage, said, “There is no order on judicial records with regard to clubbing to FIR no 67/87 (allegedly involving Kumar) with FIR no 418/1991.”
The CBI had already filed two charge sheets this year against the leader in Sultanpuri and Delhi Cantonment riots cases. Now, the probe agency will have to file a third charge sheet in court against Kumar, the former outer Delhi MP, in the Nangloi riots case.
There are more cases which are not recorded and not followed up:-
Observation of the Jain Aggarwal Committee with regard to Registration/ non-registration of cases of cognizable offences relating to October – November 1984 riots and their comments as regards improper, faulty and perfunctory investigation with reasons noticed therefore.
This post shall continue to reveal the truth of Sikh genocide 1984 on involvement of govt. machinary, its administration, ministers and the Prime Minister himself i.e from Bottom to Top, so please keep watching whole month of October or until it ends in November sometime.
If you want to read this post ahead, kindly click at;
Ajmer Singh Randhawa.