In Abe’s Japan, a shrine to an Indian Judge?
If you want to get fame, praise the govt, may speak 100 lies but give a clean chit appreciating, you must get honored like Radh Binod Pal, a judge who had found Japanese WWII leaders not guilty of war crimes. He was a judge at the world War 2 crime trails of 1946.
Pal, a judge from the Calcutta High Court deputed to the Tokyo trials, was the only one of 11 Allied judges on the panel trying Japanese wartime leaders who found them not guilty.
‘PAL has been hijacked by the right to assert that it’s leaders committed no war crimes” said Jeff Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University here, pointing out that Pal’s dissenting opinion actually didn’t exonerate. Japan but only argued that the trials were deeply flawed.
Now if you want to see the crimes of Japanese army against indians, kindly search Dr. Diwan Singh on google search and see how the attrocities were carried out in Andaman Nikobar island. Almost every woman of all ages were raped by Japanese and nearly 70% of inhabitants were killed.
To recognize the sacrifice made by Dr. Diwan Singh `Kalepani” for the sake of `Truth and Righteousness, the `New Gurdwara, at Aberdeen’, Port Blair was renamed in his honor on 27.11.1948 by a notice no. 89 dated 06.12.1948 signed by Sardar Bakhtawar Singh, the Honorary Secretary of Gurdwara Doctor Diwan Singh. This august decision was announced in the Sangat by Sardar Mohan Singh ji, the then Jathedar of the Akal Takhat. The Jathedar was on an official visit to the Islands as chairman of a delegation.
I wonder why Modi didn’t ask the japan premier to apologize for its war crimes against Indians?
Twenty thousand Japanese soldiers landed at different places in South Andamans on March 23, 1942. There was no resistance from the local population and within three hours the Japanese were in complete control of the islands. A big crowd gathered at the jetty to welcome them. The Japanese immediately put the welcoming committee to work unloading arms, ammunition and stores. That same afternoon a different group of soldiers pounced, like hungry wolves, on shops looting everything they could lay their hands on. Some of the groups entered the most populous area of Aberdeen and indulged in looting and taking liberties with the women. The inmates of the Island looked at them helplessly with dazed eyes. The oppressive and most undignified behaviour of the Japanese stunned the Indians who never expected such misconduct from the Japanese, who had popularized the slogan of of a free South-east Asia.
A young man named Zulfikar Ali picked up his BB gun and fired a few shots in the air to scare them away. The Japanese ran away but came back soon with a large armed force and laid siege to the town. In the meantime Zulfi, as he was called, somehow escaped to another area to avoid the Japanese wrath. They ransacked the whole town and assaulted some women and young girls. They demanded that the villagers produce the boy the next morning or the whole village would have to face consequences. Leaving for the night they set fire to a wooden house, soon the rising flames engulfed several nearby houses, they too were all made of wood.
The Islanders look to Dr. Diwan Singh
A few responsible people approached the man they looked to as their leader, Dr. Diwan Singh Kalepani, asking for his advice. He told them to produce the boy next morning. Early next morning, six Japanese soldiers dragged the boy in front of the villagers where he was beaten, kicked and fiercely thrashed till he was unconscious. Then they lifted this seemingly lifeless boy, broke his bones, crushed his joints and then used him as the target of a bayonet charge.
Today his grave in Port Blair stands as a reminder for the islanders of the butchery of the Japanese soldiers who had come speaking of friendship and liberation. Seeking to soothe the unsettled Islanders, a few days later, the Japanese charged A. G. Bird, a British POW, on the charge of spying. The same drill was repeated ending with his body being cut into small pieces and left unburied for animals to eat. His severed head was hung on a tree. In a daring move, Diwan Singh and Sebastian Pinto (an assistant to the doctor) collected A. G. Bird’s remains and gave him a decent Christian burial. The Japanese took serious offence to this.
To strengthen their hold, a civil government was established. A Governor was appointed who was to be assisted by the Vice-Admiral. Meanwhile the Japanese soldiers indulged in the rape and abduction of women. The soldiers in liaison with civil police would enter the houses of the people and forcibly rape women–even young boys were used to satisfy the soldiers’ lust. The Japanese surpassed the stories of Halaku and Chengiz Khan in deriving pleasure from unbelievable orgies they engaged themselves in. The conditions in the villages situated in the hinterlands became so pathetic that a number of locals became collaborators to gain favours from the unscrupulous Japanese.
“Ros Jageyo” Diwan Singh
Diwan Singh, the healer of the people, was their only ray of hope. He, as Director, Health, President of the Indian Independence League, the Indian National Army, peace committee and the Seva Samiti met with the new Governor every day seeking some relief of populations misery. This eventually provoked the Japanese police and administration so much, that with the help of local collaborators they started poisoning the ears of the Governor. Never the less, Diwan Singh continued to serve his people undeterred.
To further strengthen their hold, and prove their ruthlessness, the Japanese arrested eight high-ranking Indian officials, who the islanders considered to be very close to the Japanese, in the second spy case in October, 1943. They were tortured and beaten for a number of days to extract false confessions. After they confessed, they were starved and taken to an isolated place. They were forced to dig a trench and buried alive up to the waist. The soldiers then stabbed them in their eyes, head and torsos with their bayonets, then they sprayed bullets till they were sure of their deaths. Diwan Singh then lodged a strong protest with the Governor and the Vice-Admiral. To silence him the peace committee was dissolved.
Diwan Singh Arrested
Diwan Singh was arrested on October 23, 1943. On entering the jail, he was jeered, abused and beaten mercilessly. In a week’s time, all of his 2000 associates who were the members of the peace committee, the IIL, the INA, the Seva Samiti and the Punjabi Society, were also arrested and huddled in the jail. The Japanese beat and used their water torture, electric shocks, hung them upside down, and burned heaps of paper under their thighs. A very large number of them died, some committed suicide and a few made false confessions to save their lives. They were taken to a remote place, where they were killed and buried.
82 days of Torture lead to the Doctors death
Diwan Singh was brutally tortured for 82 days, a parallel of which is difficult to find in history. He was hung by his hair from the ceiling. Alternately, his ankles were tied to the ceiling while water was pumped through his mouth and nostrils, he was tied to a stake as his bones were crushed—even electricity was used. Unbelievably, fires was lit under his thighs; nails pulled from his fingers and toes. Strips of flesh were peeled from various parts of his body daily. He was even forced to sit on a charcoal stove. Though they ended his torture by gouging out his eyes the Japanese were never able to break the Doctor’s spirit. He died on January 14, 1944.
Reign of terror
After his death the Japanese let loose a reign of terror. Young girls and women were forcibly taken to the officers’ club to ‘give comfort’ to the Japanese elite and army officers. A shipload of Korean girls was also brought to the island as so called ‘comfort girls’ for even the soldiers of low or no rank.
It was a free for all. Men, women and children were shot dead or hacked by sword for no reason, the days of the wild Samurai, who had the power of life and death had returned–to the wrong Island.
In the first week of June, 1945, hundreds of educated families were lodged in the cellular jail on a false promise that they were to be taken to a virgin soil to lead a comfortable life. They were boarded on a number of transport aircraft. On sighting the Havelock Island, situated at a distance of 50 miles from Port Blair, they were ordered to jump in the sea. Whoever hesitated was beaten with rifle butts while others were struck with swords and bayonets. Out of 1,500, about 250 swam ashore only to die of hunger and starvation. In a fortnight half of them died; the rest were struggling to survive on the leaves and bark of trees, as the soil was saline and unproductive. In the end only one person by the name of Mohammad Saudagar survived to tell their story of woe.
Within a week of this cold-blooded massacre the Japanese chased about 900 people from several villages and gathered them in a central village to ‘facilitate their transportation’ to a nearby island. After keeping them hungry for 24 hours they were taken to Tarmugli Island where they were all tied to trees and used for bayonet practice. Petrol was sprinkled over them and the dead were burned to ashes along with some who were burned alive.
More than 2,000 people were crammed in the cellular jail and due to the shortage of space the remaining few hundred were kept in Thokuman and Namtal. They were starved and beaten, and a large number of them died. Apart from these massacres, hundreds of people were killed in villages and on roads. The whole island had become an inferno. Out of the total population of 40,000 in Port Blair, 30,000 were annihilated.
This holocaust is unknown to the world, maybe because it was a penal settlement for dreaded convicts and freedom fighters. The world along with Japan grieves every year for the victims of the atom bomb. But historians and journalists have not made any effort to mark the mass killings of innocent people at Port Blair, complete devastation of an Indian island, continuous suffering of the people for a period of three-and-a-half years. Meanwhile Japanese politicians and bureaucrats have made deliberate efforts to distort or cover up the facts of history.
Subhas Chandra Bose’s Visit
Posterity will ask uncomfortable questions about the vandalism of the Japanese and the role played by them ‘for the freedom of India’ in collaboration with Subhas Chandra Bose. Ironically, Bose was in Port Blair between December 29-31, 1943. He visited the cellular jail where Diwan Singh, the president of the Indian Independence League and hundreds of his companions were languishing, but he did not visit them. After wining, dining and dancing as the honored guest of the Japanese in the Ross Island he returned to Singapore. The real story of Tojo’s support of Bose and the Japanese interest in freedom for India is best told by their behaviour as the friends of the Indians of Andaman.